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Global CCUS investment requires $196 billion through 2034, according to new report

04 July 2024

By 2034, global carbon capture capacity will reach 440 million metric tonne per annum (Mtpa) and storage capacity will reach 664 Mtpa, requiring $196 billion (£153.5bn) in total investment, according to a recent report from energy research and consultancy firm Wood Mackenzie.

Image: Wood Mackenzie
Image: Wood Mackenzie

According to the report “CCUS: 10-year market forecast”, nearly half of the investment globally is associated with CO2 capture, with the remaining $53 billion (£41.5bn) from transport and $43 billion (£33.6bn) from storage. About 70% of the investment will be in North America and Europe across the value chain.

“This is a huge ramp-up from where the industry is today. Government funding plays a critical role in driving the first wave of CCUS investments,” said Hetal Gandhi, APAC CCUS lead with Wood Mackenzie. “We see governments offering capex grants, opex subsidies, tax incentives and contracts for differences for CCUS. While no single mechanism has been used predominantly and each country devises novel methods to incentivise investments, nearly $80 billion (£62.6bn) is directly committed to CCUS across five key countries.”
The US leads in funding at 50%, followed by the United Kingdom at 33% and Canada at 10%.

“While we are seeing strong support in countries like the US, government support in APAC lags behind,” said Stephanie Chiang, research analyst, CCUS. “Australia, Malaysia and Indonesia have announced some benefits, but they are substantially lower as compared to their investment needs. Australia’s direct incentives at US$40 million (£31bn) is less than 1% of the investment needed over the next 10 years.”

Capacity not keeping up with demand

Despite the large, forecasted increase in projects, Wood Mackenzie does not expect supply of carbon capture to meet demand. Industries will need up to 640 Mtpa of carbon capture capacity by 2034 as they look to decarbonize, but the projects expected to come into operation fall around 200 Mtpa short of that.

“Of the projects already announced and expected to go ahead in the development pipeline, 71% are in North America and in Europe,” said Hetal. “Government incentives such as the US Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), UK business models, Canada’s Investment Tax Credit and the Netherlands SDE++ scheme are moving projects towards final investment decision (FID). We also expect a further boost to European projects due to the recently announced EU Industrial Carbon Management Strategy.”

Hetal continued: “The lack of CCUS announcements in APAC’s largest emitting countries – China and India – is causing the region to have substantially lower capacity than needed under Wood Mackenzie’s base case. Key sectors like power and chemicals will see a large gap between demand potential and actual supply until 2034. We expect APAC’s capture pipeline will mature through additional announcements later in the decade.”

The report also sizes the global storage capacity to reach 664 Mtpa in 2034, with almost 80% of the planned pipeline starting up by 2030. CO2 storage projects will outpace emitter uptake, leaving a global capture-storage gap of more than 200 Mtpa by 2034.

“With storage capacities more concentrated than the spread-out capture capacities, hub-based storage ecosystems will evolve especially in Europe and APAC,” said Fauzi Said, senior research analyst.

Policies for transportation of CO2 across borders and bilateral agreements handling of liability risk remain key areas to watch out in the medium term.

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